Aeration / Air Stripping Nozzles
Air stripping and spray aeration nozzles are used to expose contaminated water to air to remove volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and trihalomethanes (THMs). By increasing the surface area of the contaminated water exposed to air, these unwanted chemicals are stripped from water through diffusion.
Spray nozzles are used in two different types of air stripping towers. In the direct contact type, small droplets are sprayed into a slowly moving column of air. Due to the large amount of surface area exposed by the small droplets, the VOCs and THMs can more easily diffuse out of the water and into the air. This type of tower benefits from nozzles that produce small droplet sizes such as the spiral nozzle. Smaller droplet sizes increase the rate of decontamination due to the correspondingly larger surface area to volume ratio.
In the packed tower type, the water is sprayed at the top of the column onto a layer of loose packing. The packing material is now coated with a thin layer of water which runs downward due to gravity. Air is blown upward through the packing countercurrent to the flow of water. The convoluted path that the water and air must take to pass through the packing provides a large amount of liquid surface area through which the VOCs and THMs can diffuse into the air. This type of tower benefits from nozzles that provide a uniform spray coverage, such as the MaxiPass nozzle. Droplet size is less important in the packed tower type as the liquid surface area is generated by the packing, not by the spray itself.
Spray aeration is a process that removes VOCs and THMs by bubbling air into a tank in which wastewater is flowing. Forced air blowers drive the air-water interaction without the need for internal packing.
Common Designs and Specifications:
Common Nozzle Types: Spiral
Common Spray Patterns: Full cone or Hollow Cone
Common Materials: PVC, polypropylene, PTFE, Stainless Steel, nickel alloy
Selecting a Air Stripping / Aeration Nozzle:
- Preferred BETE Models: TF, TFXP, MaxiPass
- Important factors to consider: droplet size, coverage, system type.
- Different nozzles are used depending on whether or not the system is an open scrubber or a closed tank.
- Our experienced engineers can help determine which nozzle is best for your application.
Remove VOCs and THMs from contaminated water
Clean effluent in the wastewater industry
Aerate sewage tanks or holding ponds
Typical operating conditions for this application are listed for each nozzle