Area Distribution Spray Nozzles

Custom Solutions Bulletin 063
Application #061772
Industry: Chemical Processing
Application: Area Distribution
Product Description: MaxiPass Nozzles for Distillation Column Distribution


A BETE customer had asked for guidance in selecting several nozzles. The application was in distillation towers for distribution onto packing. This increases the available surface area for the evaporation (distillation) to take place. They had several similar applications with a number of different flow rates. In all cases, the viscosity of their pumped fluid was relatively high (40-120 cP, varying by case). The operating pressures were generally around 20 psi (1.4 bar), and the flows were from 10-400 gpm (38-1500 L/min).


This application is very similar to the distillation seen in refining, except the viscosity is usually much lower. In the case of refining, MaxiPass nozzles are selected for their clog resistance. Coke (hard chunks of carbon) is everywhere in refineries, and it is a calculated matter of time before something fouls or plugs. BETE, the inventor of the MaxiPass, has historically selected this nozzle above our other full cone nozzles for this reason. Recently, refineries have been reporting that the MaxiPass outperforms similar copycat designs, both in spray uniformity and clog resistance.

For this application, the free passage of the MaxiPass was essential for a different reason; large free passages are less affected by a high viscosity fluid. A conventional full cone nozzle has a free passage as low as 60% of the orifice size. The BETE MaxiPass has a free passage equal or greater to the orifice size. This minimizes the pressure increase required to compensate for the fluid's high viscosity. The difficulties with high viscosity can also be minimized by using a single larger nozzle, rather than a group of small nozzles, for the same reason.

To discuss your fluid-related challenge, please contact BETE Applications Engineering at 413-772-0846 or